History of The E-Cigarette
The electronic cigarette was invented in Beijing, China in 2003. The inventor was 52-year-old tobacco smoking pharmacist called Hon Lik. Hon thought-up the invention after his father, also a heavy smoker, died of lung cancer. After the electronic cigarette was invented Hon changed is his business name from Golden Dragon Holdings to Ruyan - meaning ‘like smoke’.
Europe is introduced to electronic cigarettes by British businessman Greg Carson.
The USA is introduced to electronic cigarettes...
The WHO (World Health Organisation) states that electronic cigarettes are not to be considered as a genuine smoking cessation aid and insists that all materials suggesting so must be removed.
Later in the year Ruyan funded a New Zealand study on electronic cigarettes. The study confirms that although carcinogens and toxicants are present in e-cigs, they are way below a harmful level. The study deems tobaccoless cigarettes as a much safer alternative to tobacco smoking.
Pilot Travel Centres and TA Operating are banded from selling electronic cigarettes in Oregon after two settlements are passed. Companies must now give the Attorney General information on where and how they plan to sell electronic cigarettes, hand over all e-cig adverts and submit all scientific studies they have quoted. Months later Smoking Everywhere has a lawsuit filed against them claiming their sales and promotion of various tobacco flavored cartridges is mostly targeted towards minors.
Panama, Australia and Canada ban the sale, advertising and import of electronic cigarettes. Health Canada advises Canadians not to purchase or use them, claiming they contain a "known irritant" (Propylene Glycol). Australia laws claims “every form of nicotine except for replacement therapies and cigarettes are classified as a form of poison”.
The FDA lists electronic cigarettes to the Import Alert 66-41 and redirected the USCBP to decline the admission of tobaccoless cigs into the USA. The FDA then notifies Smoking Everywhere that its delivery has been rejected entrance to the USA claiming e-cigs appear “to be a combination drug-device product that requires preapproval, registration and listing with the FDA”.
A few electronic cigarette brands join together to seek an injunction against the FDA. The ECA (Electronic Cigarette Association) forms in May and is based in Washington, DC. Headed by Congressman Matt Salmon, the main members include a mixture of tobaccoless cigarette producers, retailers and distributors who become the main voice of the electronic cigarette industry.
The FDA conducts tests on electronic cigarettes; these expose a trace amount of cancer-linked nitrosamines, one e-tip holding 1% diethylene glycol (toxic material) and tips classed as “nicotine free” actually contain nicotine. FDA files a supplemental brief giving reference to the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. It confirms it still has authority over e-cigarettes and the judgment to class them as a “drug-device”.
The study is the reviewed and challenged by Exponent, Inc. The science consultants firm criticize the study under grounds of “poor documentation and analysis” with the “failure to complete appropriate comparisons to FDA-approved NRTs (Nicotine Replacement Therapies) which are claimed to include TSNA levels equal to those of e-cigs.
Later in 2009
President Obama grants the FDA power to regulate the tobacco industry by signing into the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act 18. The laws states that any new tobacco linked products must comply with the FDA market standard and that, nicotine and cigarettes can’t be banned, however flavors can.
States then start to question the sales of e-cigs. New Jersey legislators pass a bill which includes tobaccoless cigarettes in the state's public smoking ban. California passes a bill prohibiting the sale of e-cigs, however then Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger refuses the bill saying: "If adults want to purchase and consume these products with an understanding of the associated health risks, they should be able to do so unless and until federal law changes the legal status of these tobacco products." Most states realise that electronic cigarettes are a much healthier tobacco smoking alternative and let vapers vape in places when smoking is otherwise banned.
CASAA (Consumer Advocates for a Smoke-Free Alternatives Association) forms to enhance the availability of “effective, affordable and reduced harm smoking alternatives”. Aiming to increase the public’s awareness and knowledge of smoking alternatives which they hope will in-turn persuade the development, further study and reasonable regulation of all tobacco alternatives. The UK based group ASH states it believes products should be available which provide a less harmful alternative to tobacco.